Temper Temper 1. Definition

Temper a word with so many meanings I just had to list it’s definitions.



v. tem·pered, tem·per·ing, tem·pers

1. To modify by the addition of a moderating element; moderate: “temper its doctrinaire logic with a little practicalwisdom” (Robert H. Jackson). See Synonyms at moderate.
2. To bring to a desired consistency, texture, hardness, or other physical condition by blending, admixing, orkneading: temper clay; paints that had been tempered with oil.
3. To harden or strengthen (metal or glass) by application of heat or by heating and cooling.
4. To strengthen through experience or hardship; toughen: soldiers who had been tempered by combat.
5. Music To adjust (the pitch of an instrument) to a temperament.

To be or become tempered.

1. A state of mind or emotion; disposition: an even temper.
2. Calmness of mind or emotions; composure: lose one’s temper.

a. A tendency to become easily angry or irritable: a quick temper.
b. Anger; rage: a fit of temper.
4. A characteristic general quality; tone: heroes who exemplified the medieval temper; the politicized temper of the1930s.

a. The condition of being tempered.
b. The degree of hardness and elasticity of a metal, chiefly steel, achieved by tempering.
6. A modifying substance or agent added to something else.
7. Archaic A middle course between extremes; a mean.

[Middle English temperen, from Old English temprian, from Latin temperāre, probably from variant of tempus, tempor-,time, season.]

tem′per·a·bil′i·ty n.
tem′per·a·ble adj.
tem′per·er n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2011 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.




1. a frame of mind; mood or humour: a good temper.
2. a sudden outburst of anger; tantrum
3. a tendency to exhibit uncontrolled anger; irritability
4. a mental condition of moderation and calm (esp in the phrases keep one’s temper, lose one’s temper, out oftemper)
5. (Metallurgy) the degree of hardness, elasticity, or a similar property of a metal or metal object
vb (tr)

6. to make more temperate, acceptable, or suitable by adding something else; moderate: he tempered his criticismwith kindly sympathy.
7. (Metallurgy) to strengthen or toughen (a metal or metal article) by heat treatment, as by heating and quenching
8. (Music, other) music

a. to adjust the frequency differences between the notes of a scale on (a keyboard instrument) in order to allowmodulation into other keys
b. to make such an adjustment to the pitches of notes in (a scale)
9. a rare word for adapt
10. an archaic word for mix
[Old English temprian to mingle, (influenced by Old French temprer), from Latin temperāre to mix, probably from tempustime]
ˈtemperable adj
ˌtemperaˈbility n
ˈtemperer n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈtɛm pər)


1. a particular state of mind or feelings.
2. habit of mind, esp. with respect to irritability or patience; disposition: an even temper.
3. heat of mind or passion, shown in outbursts of anger, resentment, etc.
4. calm disposition; composure: to lose one’s temper.
5. a substance added to modify other properties.

a. the degree of hardness and strength imparted to a metal, as by quenching or treatment with heat.
b. the operation of tempering metal.
7. Archaic. a middle course; compromise.
8. Obs. the character of a substance.


9. to moderate: to temper justice with mercy.
10. to soften or tone down.
11. to make suitable by or as if by blending.
12. to work into proper consistency, as clay or mortar.
13. to impart strength or toughness to (steel or cast iron) by heating and cooling.
14. to tune (a keyboard instrument) so as to make the tones available in different keys or tonalities.
15. Archaic. to blend in due proportions.
16. Archaic. to pacify.


17. to be or become tempered.
[before 1000; Middle English tempren, Old English temprian < Latin temperāre to restrain oneself, adjust, temper]
tem′per•a•ble, adj.
tem′per•er, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster’s College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


  • acerbicOften describes a sharp or biting mood, temper, tone, or wit; acerbity is normally a bit less sharp thansarcasm.
  • tirret – An outburst of temper.
  • mansuetudeTameness or sweetness of temper.
  • tamperFirst meant “to work in clay” or “temper in clay.”
Farlex Trivia Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.


Past participle: tempered
Gerund: tempering

Present Continuous
Present Perfect
Past Continuous
Past Perfect
Future Perfect
Future Continuous
Present Perfect Continuous
Future Perfect Continuous
Past Perfect Continuous
Past Conditional

Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Switch to new thesaurus
Noun 1. temper - a sudden outburst of angertemper – a sudden outburst of anger; “his temper sparked like damp firewood”

vexation, annoyance, chafeanger produced by some annoying irritation
2. temper - a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feelingtemper – a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling; “whether hepraised or cursed me depended on his temper at the time”; “he was in a bad humor”

feelingthe experiencing of affective and emotional states; “she had a feeling ofeuphoria”; “he had terrible feelings of guilt”; “I disliked him and the feeling was mutual”
peeve – an annoyed or irritated mood
sulk, sulkiness – a mood or display of sullen aloofness or withdrawal; “stayed home in a sulk”
amiability, good humor, good humour, good temper – a cheerful and agreeable mood
ill humor, ill humour, distemper – an angry and disagreeable mood
3. temper - a disposition to exhibit uncontrolled angertemper – a disposition to exhibit uncontrolled anger; “his temper was well known to all hisemployees”

ill nature – a disagreeable, irritable, or malevolent disposition
querulousnessthe quality of being given to complaining
4. temper - the elasticity and hardness of a metal objecttemperthe elasticity and hardness of a metal object; its ability to absorb considerable energybefore cracking

elasticity, snapthe tendency of a body to return to its original shape after it has beenstretched or compressed; “the waistband had lost its snap”
Verb 1. temper - bring to a desired consistency, texture, or hardness by a process of gradually heating and coolingtemperbring to a desired consistency, texture, or hardness by a process of graduallyheating and cooling; “temper glass”

harden, induratemake hard or harder; “The cold hardened the butter”
2. temperharden by reheating and cooling in oil; “temper steel”

modifymake less severe or harsh or extreme; “please modify this letter to make it more polite”; “hemodified his views on same-gender marriage”
3. temperadjust the pitch (of pianos)

adjust, correct, setalter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a standard; “Adjust the clock,please”; “correct the alignment of the front wheels”
4. temper - make more temperate, acceptable, or suitable by adding something elsetempermake more temperate, acceptable, or suitable by adding something else; moderate;“she tempered her criticism”

weakenlessen the strength of; “The fever weakened his body”
5. temperrestrain

alter, change, modifycause to change; make different; cause a transformation; “The advent of theautomobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city”; “The discussion has changed my thinking about theissue”
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.



3. rage, fury, bad mood, passion, paddy (Brit. informal), wax (informal, chiefly Brit.), tantrum, bate (Brit. slang),fit of pique She was still in a temper when I arrived.
4. self-control, composure, cool (slang), calm, good humour, tranquillity, coolness, calmness, equanimityI’ve never seen him lose his temper.
self-control anger, fury, wrath, irritation, indignation, agitation, pique, bad mood, excitability, vexation,grumpiness, irascibility, foul humour

1. moderate, restrain, tone down, calm, soften, soothe, lessen, allay, mitigate, abate, assuage, mollify, soft-pedal (informal), palliate, admix He had to learn to temper his enthusiasm.
moderate intensify, arouse, heighten, excite, stir, provoke, aggravate
2. strengthen, harden, toughen, anneal a new way of tempering glass
strengthen soften
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002



To make or become less severe or extreme:


1. A person’s customary manner of emotional response:

2. A temporary state of mind or feeling:

frame of mind, humor, mood, spirit (used in plural), vein.
3. A tendency to become angry or irritable:

Informal: dander.
Slang: short fuse.
Idiom: low boiling point.
4. An angry outburst:

5. A prevailing quality, as of thought, behavior, or attitude:

The American Heritage® Roget’s Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Spanish / Español

Select a language:



A. N

1. (= nature) → carácter m, genio m; (= mood) → humor m
to be in a temperestar furioso
to be in a good/bad temperestar de buen/mal humor
to keep one’s temperno perder la calma, contenerse
to lose one’s temperperder los estribos
to have a quick tempertener genio
in a fit of temperen un acceso de furia or ira
to fly into a temperponerse furioso, montar en cólera
mind your temper!; temper, temper!¡contrólate or controla ese genio!
2. [of metal] → temple m

1. (= moderate) [+ remarks] → suavizar, atenuar; [+ energy, enthusiasm] → atemperar
to temper justice with mercytemplar la justicia con la compasión
2. (= soften) [+ metal] → templar
Collins Spanish Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


(ˈtempə) noun

1. a state of mind; a mood or humour. He’s in a bad temper.humor
2. a tendency to become (unpleasant when) angry. He has a terrible temper.genio
3. a state of anger. She’s in a temper.furia


1. to bring metal to the right degree of hardness by heating and cooling. The steel must be carefully tempered.templar
2. to soften or make less severe. One must try to temper justice with mercy.suavizar


having a (certain) state of mind. good-tempered; mean-tempered; sweet-tempered. de carácter…

keep one’s temper

not to lose one’s temper. He was very annoyed but he kept his temper. mantener la calma

lose one’s temper

to show anger. He lost his temper and shouted at me.perder los estribos
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 .



Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009


n. carácter, disposición; temple, humor; genio;

to have bad ___tener mal ___;
to have good ___tener buen ___.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

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